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Posted by Matt Postiff March 17, 2015 under General 

I was glad to see that more DBSJ articles are now available online at the Seminary website. The articles include many from the journal from 1996 through 2013. Subscription information can be found there as well if you are interested in receiving the most recent articles and book reviews. The DBSJ articles are also available at the Galaxie Software site.

I had tracked the journal electronically up through volume 15 using Galaxie Software's Theological Journal Library CD, but lost track of it after TJLCD volume 12. Then the TJL transitioned over to Logos and I have not managed to get up-to-date on the journals in Logos 6 because it is not clear to me how to go from where I am to the updated collection.

Posted by Matt Postiff February 18, 2015 under General 

A new Bible book outline is available on the Book of Leviticus.

Moses penned words of this book at God's direct instruction. It covers the law of offerings, the induction of Aaron and his sons into priestly ministry, various regulations for the priests and the people, annual feasts, redemption of property and people sold in various circumstances, and a strong chapter covering the blessings for obedience to the Law and the curses for disobedience.

Other Bible book outlines are available here.

Posted by Matt Postiff February 17, 2015 under General 

From Voice of the Martyrs, I share this:

How to Pray for Those Who are Persecuted
  1. Pray that persecuted believers will sense God's presence (Heb. 13:5).
  2. Pray that they will feel connected to the greater Body of Christ (1 Cor. 12:20, 26).
  3. Pray that they will experience God's comfort when their family members are killed, injured or imprisoned for their witness (2 Cor. 1:3-5).
  4. Pray that they will have more opportunities to share the gospel (Col. 4:3).
  5. Pray for their boldness to make Christ known (Phil. 1:14).
  6. Pray that they will forgive and love their persecutors (Matt. 5:44).
  7. Pray that their ministry activities will remain undetected by authorities or others who wish to silence them (Acts 9:25).
  8. Pray that they will rejoice in suffering (Acts 5:41).
  9. Pray that they will be refreshed through God's Word and grow in their faith (Eph. 6:17).
  10. Pray that they will be strengthened through the prayers of fellow believers (Jude 20-25).

Posted by Matt Postiff February 17, 2015 under General 

Why do I not recommend the KJV? Archaic and strange words are a key reason.

Romans 9:25—As he saith also in Osee, I will call them my people, which were not my people; and her beloved, which was not beloved.

This is supposed to be Hosea.

Ephesians 1:19—And what is the exceeding greatness of his power to us-ward who believe, according to the working of his mighty power.

This should be toward us.

Philippians 1:22—But if I live in the flesh, this is the fruit of my labour: yet what I shall choose I wot not.

This should be I do not know.

Matthew 2:17—Then was fulfilled that which was spoken by Jeremy the prophet, saying...
Matthew 3:3—For this is he that was spoken of by the prophet Esaias...

These should be Jeremiah and Isaiah, respectively.

I often look at the KJV in my studies, and I'm not trying to "bash" it. I'm just saying that it is not helpful for the modern English reader to have to slog through such archaisms to understand the Word of God. The 1769 revision stands in serious need of an update. Actually the NKJV has provided that update and could simply be called the KJV for this era. There are several other very good translations available which provide today's English reader with a more accurate and understandable translation of the Bible.

For a list of many other archaic or little-known words in the KJV, visit this site or this one.

Posted by Matt Postiff January 30, 2015 under General 

On Wednesday evenings, we just finished studying a series on faith.

We saw unbelief, little faith, imperfect faith, great faith, repentant faith, and self-confident faith.

We learned some ways to remedy imperfect faith, such as thanking God that He has given us the gift of faith in the first place, even if it is not fully formed in us as it should be. We saw that we can seek God's help. We can cultivate a self-examining faith. We can also follow Biblical examples during our trials and obey Biblical commands that have to do with improving our faith.

We also reminded ourselves that no matter how imperfect our faith may be, regardless of our performance or strength of faith, the object of our faith—God—is perfect and great beyond description. Thanks be to God!

Finally, we looked at the case of Mary and Martha regarding the death of their brother Lazarus, recorded in John 11. They said, "If you had been with us, our brother would not have died." And, "I know that he will rise again in the resurrection at the last day." Sometimes we have great faith in the abstract. "If" in the past or "sometime in the future." But what about right now in the present? Do you have faith in the Lord? If someone gets sick, we believe in the abstract the Lord can heal them or give them grace to persevere and die well. But what about when "I" am sick "right now"? Do we trust God then? Let us ask God to grant faith in Him that grows strong and does not falter.

For more, view the full set of notes.

Posted by Matt Postiff January 24, 2015 under General 

One of those things that's been in the back of my mind for a while to do is to write a Bible reading schedule that takes you chronologically through the book of Acts and epistles of Paul. I added in James just for fun, and produced a 4-month, one-chapter-per-day reading schedule. Try it out sometime and let me know what you think.

Posted by Matt Postiff December 27, 2014 under General 

The 2015 Bible reading schedules are available as PDF files (below) and soon will also be available on the front page of our site, in left menu bar under the Bible Guide.

Why should you regularly read the Bible? Because you are not supposed to live by bread alone, but by every word of God (Matthew 4:4, Luke 4:4, Deuteronomy 8:3).

Posted by Matt Postiff December 22, 2014 under General 

A new Bible book outline is available on the Book of 2 Peter.

Peter's second letter reminds the readers about their Christian growth, warns them about false teachers that will come into their midst, and reminds again about coming judgment. The second chapter contains a lot of the same material in Jude, and I lean toward the view that understands Jude to have come after 2 Peter in this regard.

Besides providing an outline of the book, I expose in the aforementioned document some my process in arriving at the outline that I did. If you want to know how I arrived at the outline, this will be of some interest to you.

Posted by Matt Postiff December 22, 2014 under General 

Recently I received this question:

I've been thinking about the verse in Psalm 66:18: "If I regard iniquity in my heart, the Lord will not hear me." I understand this to mean that if we are sinning that the Lord will not hear our prayers. It seems as though we (as humans) are sinning all of the time, whether we know it or not. Does this refer to sin we know about that we haven't confessed? If so, where does the forgiveness of our sins as born-again believers fit into this?

I sent back this reply:

Great question. That is a convicting verse, isn't it?

I have understood the verse to mean that if we we are trying to hide sin in our hearts, the Lord will not hear our prayers. In other words, it does not mean only "if we are sinning" but

  • "if we are sinning and like it," or
  • "if we are sinning and trying to hide it from God," or
  • "if we are sinning and not confessing it to God," or
  • "if we are sinning and we know about it = regard it but don't do anything about it,"

that is when the Lord will not hear us. This is because we are being hypocrites if we sin in one 'part' of our life, and then pretend there is no sin in the prayer-part of our life, as if the parts can be separated one from another.

We do sin frequently, but we can also have the blood of Jesus Christ constantly cleansing us as well, providing forgiveness as we confess sin to God.

We should also note that it is not God's auditory processing faculty that is blocked by sin, as if He had ear plugs in His ears. "Hearing" refers to acknowledging, answering, or doing something about the prayers offered. God doesn't acknowledge the prayers of those who try to hide sin in their hearts. His ears are open to the prayers of the righteous, but His face is against those who do evil (1 Peter 3:12).

The last part of the question is an even bigger matter. I think you are talking about sin being dealt with once for all versus how we have to deal with it daily. This has to do on the one hand with the legal forgiveness of sins that establishes our relationship with God, and on the other hand with the family forgiveness that maintains the close family fellowship with God. I think you will be helped if you read the article here.

Posted by Matt Postiff December 5, 2014 under General 

In September, Thom Rainer's blog had an encouraging post on what characterizes men who have health long-term pastorates. I am a big fan of that approach, so it captured my attention.

  1. They pray daily for their church members and staff.
  2. They view their family as their first line of ministry.
  3. They connect with and love people in their community.
  4. They choose their battles carefully.
  5. They welcome structures that make them accountable.
  6. They spend time developing staff.
  7. They expect conflict and criticism.
  8. They connect with other pastors and ministries in the community.
  9. They affirm both theology and practical ministry.
  10. They ask long-term questions.

Posted by Matt Postiff November 21, 2014 under General 

All the Psalms share the genre of Hebrew poetry. Among the 150 Psalms, there are groups or categories that share the same form and subject matter. These could be called "sub-genres," but I have elected to call them "categories." In this article, I provide a categorization of all the Psalms using a simple lettering system.

To see the entire document, please download this PDF. I provide it in the hopes that it will be helpful.

I feel that it could still use a lot of work. If anyone wants to take on the project of doing some spot checking the document, or even exhaustively checking it, be my guest. Let me know what you find!

Posted by Matt Postiff November 8, 2014 under General 

My son David prepared this word-find for your youngsters. It has some big words in it, but it shouldn't be too hard to finish! Click the image below to download the full-sheet size PDF. The last line was cut off slightly - the letters are S, I, N, R, F, and H.

Word Find

Posted by Matt Postiff October 22, 2014 under General 

A pastor friend sent me this list, written by Michael Hyatt. The following summarizes his points:

  1. They don't have enough confidence to lead at their level.
  2. They're arrogant, assuming they always know what's best. It takes confidence to lead. It also takes humility.
  3. They're disorganized.
  4. Their words and actions erode trust, even with their supporters.
  5. They over-promise and under-deliver. This one affects more than just politicians.
  6. They don't articulate a clear vision.
  7. They don't enroll others in their initiatives.
  8. They're not transparent. Openness encourages honesty.
  9. They're blind to what's happening in their own organizations.
  10. They don't hold people accountable—especially themselves.

Posted by Matt Postiff October 20, 2014 under General 

I did some under-the-hood work on the blog today. The RSS feed is at the same place as it has been, but all the old entries are included, with improved titles. Broken links have been fixed, but probably some more have been introduced. Let me know if you run into any--thanks!

Posted by Matt Postiff September 1, 2014 under General 

For some Christians, thinking about the end times, the Tribulation, the Antichrist, and how bad society is these days is a traumatic thing. Every current event is interpreted as if it is a herald of the immediate collapse of the world. This can bring paralyzing fear, or a morbid kind of existence. Here are a few quick pastoral thoughts on living in light of the end times.

  1. Do not worry. Our Lord taught us this in His sermons, but it is a hard lesson to learn.
  2. Do what you know God wants you to do. The Bible is very clear about this. Obey the instructions you have, don't concern yourself with the future which you do not know.
  3. Do not follow conspiracy theories. Your focus needs to be on things that are true and honest and just and pure and lovely, not on ugly and speculative and sinful things.

Posted by Matt Postiff June 12, 2014 under General 

Are you evil?

The point of this post is that you cannot call a genuine Christian evil in an unqualified sense.

Variations on the question "are you evil" have repeatedly come up over the years of my ministry. I was reminded of it again as a I read a post by Ben Edwards at the DBTS blog.

Consider the following interchange between two born again believers in Jesus Christ:

Bill asks John, "How are you doing today?" John replies, "I'm good." Bill retorts, "John, there is none good, no not one!"

Ouch! John is not good? He may be feeling fine, but Bill has pulled the rug out by changing the context of the question in the middle of the conversation.

Certainly none of us measures up to God's standard of perfection (Matthew 5:48). Certainly Jesus called fathers evil in Matthew 7:11 and Luke 11:13, although He may have been speaking to a mixed audience of believers and unbelievers, or mostly unbelievers. Certainly there is none good like God (Mark 10:18).

But does that mean that we have to see ourselves as just plain-old evil people, even if we have repented of sin and are making good progress on the narrow way?

Not at all. Consider Barnabas. "He was a good man, full of the Holy Spirit and of faith" (Acts 11:24). Other texts that refer to people as good are Proverbs 12:2, 13:22, 14:14; Matthew 12:35; and Luke 6:45.

Barnabas was a good man. If you are a Christian, you should be a good man or woman too. You should be more like your Heavenly Father instead of like the evil earthly fathers Jesus mentioned. You should be good and getting better. You must NOT be evil. You must stop any evil that you are doing.

God is in the business of taking the raw material of evil people and making them into good people. Where are you on God's assembly line?

Posted by Matt Postiff June 12, 2014 under General 

Answer these questions and see.

This is a self-evaluation tool for you to determine if you are thinking and living like a Christian, by the Bible's definition of Christian. Make no mistake that this is not a to do list to accomplish in order to become a Christian. You become a Christian by repentant faith placed solely in Jesus Christ who died for sinners and rose again. You can evaluate if your repentant faith is real by asking yourself some questions such as the following.

You will notice that some of these questions are about your conversion, while others concern the evidence that exists in your life to justify or disprove your claim that you are a Christian. Note that the evidence comes from a general pattern of your life. To answer a question yes, you need not have perfection in the area in question. But answering yes also means that your life gives the evidence much more than "once in a while."

Is your assurance is well-founded? These questions will help you to think clearly on that topic.

  1. Do you believe that Jesus is Savior?
  2. Do you believe that Jesus is Lord?
  3. Do you believe that Jesus physically arose from the dead?
  4. Do you believe in the Lord Jesus Christ?
  5. Are you a follower of Jesus?
  6. Do you tell others these things (#1-#5) about yourself?
  7. Have you made a conscious decision that you do not want to sin?
  8. Thinking of the time when you became a Christian, could an external observer see a difference in your life now compared to before?
  9. Do you enjoy sin?
  10. Do you desire to behave better?
  11. Are you ready to forgive those who have offended you?
  12. Has there been a change in your speech since the time when you became a Christian?
  13. Regarding your sinful habits, are you fighting against them?
  14. Do you believe Jesus’ death on the cross is sufficient to completely save you, or is something else needed to save you?
  15. Do you believe that you must do good works in order to obtain salvation?
  16. Do you do good works?
  17. Do you regularly confess your sins?
  18. Do you love the world or the things in world?
  19. Do you believe that Jesus has really come to the world in the flesh?
  20. Do you love others in what you say?
  21. Do you love others in what you do?
  22. Do you acknowledge that Jesus is the Son of God?
  23. Do you believe that Jesus is the Jewish Messiah?
  24. Have you been baptized by immersion in water?
  25. Do you love God with all your heart?
  26. Do you hate sin?
  27. Do you make a regular practice of attending church?
  28. Are you an active, serving member in a local church?
  29. Do you pray regularly?
  30. Do you read the Bible regularly?
  31. Do you love the world more than you love God?
  32. Do you believe the Bible is inspired (inerrant, authoritative, etc.)?
  33. Do you tell other people how to be saved?
  34. Do you believe Jesus died on the cross to pay the debt and penalty for your sins?
  35. Do you believe Jesus was born of the virgin Mary?
  36. Do you have idols in your life (things you can't live without)?
  37. What kind of television shows do you watch?
  38. Do you give a significant amount of your time and finances to support the Lord's work?
  39. Do non-Christians mock or persecute you for being a Christian?
  40. Do you believe Jesus is coming back to the Earth?
  41. Do you believe God created the heavens and the earth as recorded in Genesis?
  42. Do you believe God judged the earth with a world-wide flood?
  43. Do you believe that Adam and Eve were real individuals?
  44. Do you believe that people who don't believe in the person and work of Christ will go to hell for eternity?
  45. Do you believe in the Trinity?
  46. Do you believe Jesus is God?
  47. Are you dating an unbeliever?
  48. Do you refuse to obey clear commands in Scripture?
  49. Are most of your friends Christians?

Posted by Matt Postiff June 11, 2014 under General 

Hit a run post. I feel like I've said this before. We need to acknowledge that it is possible to ask a bad question. We can ask a question that misleads, or a question that exposes our own answer before we give an answer.

For example: can a Christian drink alcohol?

A better question would be: should a Christian drink alcohol?

In this case, the first question is one of permission. It biases the discussion from the start, so that if a "yes" answer is extracted from the respondent, then all seems to be well for the alcohol drinker. The second question asks a question of value and points the discussion in the direction of what is best, rather than the lowest permissible standard. In reality, both questions need to be asked, and it is a failure to stop at the first question and not ask the second.

That is the subject of a blog post worth reading.

Posted by Matt Postiff June 6, 2014 under General 

Last year, I wrote briefly about several software packages that are great tools for a small church or church plant. This is an update, so I won't discuss some of the programs.

Software Icons


Skype continues to be a very helpful tool for calling free over the Internet as well as using the Skype credit to call landlines and cell phones throughout the world. One thing that I was disappointed to learn is that Microsoft has added (or was forced to add) features to make it easier for the government to have a backdoor into the communications being shared over Skype. That may not bother some of us since we don't have anything to hide, but a backdoor here in the U.S. means there is a a backdoor in closed countries, and our Christian friends using Skype could be found out.

Office Software

OpenOffice is upgraded to 4.1.0. FileZilla and GIMP also continue to see updates, as does Scribus. I have not had great luck using Scribus to do some simple one-page layouts, but it has been helpful on other occasions. Ghostscript 9.14 is the latest release of the postscript and PDF tools that Scribus uses under the hood. Thunderbird is well maintained and with the Nostalgy plugin helps me file and find emails very quickly.


Occasionally someone in the church will ask help to fix a computer problem. OK, I can do that, but not too often! TeamViewer allows you to connect remotely and see the screen of the computer you are working on.


This is the one program on this list that is not entirely free, but it is worth the modest registration cost. We use Goldwave to record sermon audio and do edits on it afterward to clean up the audio. Top notch.


ImgBurn can take a DVD and create a .ISO image from it, and then turn around and put that .ISO image onto a new DVD. I have used it to make backups of important DVD material that we have at the church.

Password Safe

Finally, I add Password Safe 3.33 to this list. With all the websites for banking, shopping, utilities, healthcare, etc. the list of passwords you have is probably quite long. If you don't some kind of secure password management tool, you are opening yourself up for trouble. For each website you use, you should have a unique password. And it should be hard, because about 70% of passwords you think are pretty good are actually fairly easy to crack. I can't show you a really good example here because it has so many strange characters the blog software or RSS reader will be unhappy.

Since it is hard to create and remember such passwords, Password Safe helps you to to do it. It has a generator function for good passwords, and an easy way to copy them to the clipboard and paste them into the website you are visiting. It stores the passwords in a database that is encrypted, protected by one password that you remember that is very long, complicated, and never written down! It organizes the database according to categories so that your passwords are easy to find.

With all the crooks out there and government snoopers (total depravity is a real problem, isn't it?), a good password program is a must.

Posted by Matt Postiff May 29, 2014 under General 

I have been reading the Greek New Testament this year. I have two editions: Zondervan's Reader's Greek New Testament, 2nd Edition and Crossway's UBS Greek New Testament, Reader's Edition With Textual Notes.

Advantage: Crossway.

The Zondervan edition is very nice in a number of ways. It is a very handy size, nice paper, and inexpensive. It lays fairly flat even in Revelation. However, it has some ghosting because of the thin paper. Its font is small. And the biggest strike against it is that the footnotes are very difficult to locate with the eye because they are bunched together in a single huge paragraph at the bottom of the page. The notes only define terms but do not give verb parsings, which is another strike against this edition.

Reader's Greek New Testament

The Crossway edition is much more expensive, has thicker paper (and still some ghosting), and is about twice as thick as the Zondervan. It does not lay flat when reading at either end of the New Testament. (Later addition: I take that back! After spending quite a bit of time reading Revelation, the binding is apparently happier and it stays open fairly well.] However, where it wins for me is the type is larger, a little darker than its competitor, and very clear. Even better, the footnotes are arranged in a two-column tabular format which makes locating the necessary note easy on the eyes. The footnotes define rare words and additionally give parsings of verbs.

UBS Greek New Testament Reader's Ed

There is a lot to like about both editions, but I prefer Crossway's offering. Pick up either one and read! —MAP

Posted by Matt Postiff April 30, 2014 under General 

A couple of weeks back, while I was taking a group from our church to the Creation Museum, we stopped for dinner at a restaurant in Lima, Ohio. Members of our group got into a conversation with a businessman there who was a Presbyterian. He has a ministry of encouraging people to pray. He handed me a laminated card that had these two lists on it:

We Are to Pray For
  1. Ourselves - for cleansing from all unrighteousness (1 John 1:9) and for wisdom from God (James 1:5)
  2. Our spiritual leaders - open to them a door for the word to speak the mystery of Christ (Col. 4:3)
  3. The believers who are sick - save and raise them (James 5:15)
  4. Our rulers - all in authority to come to knowledge and truth (1 Timothy 2:2 and 4)
  5. Our enemies - help us to love them and do good to them (Matthew 5:44)
Rules for Prayer
  1. In praying we must be reverently single minded with a purity worthy of God as we contemplate God.
  2. We must be aware of our insufficiency and whether prayer be free or liturgical it must never be casual or perfunctory.
  3. Humbled through awareness of our residual depravity, we must give glory to God alone.
  4. Pray with confidence while laying before God or predicament and its perplexity and horror and expectantly look for God to extend his helping hand.

To be sure, this is not a comprehensive theology of prayer. It is a good reminder nonetheless. I have no idea if it comes originally from another source, but I was thankful to meet someone else out there who is not ashamed to name the name of our great God and speak of honoring Him in prayer!

Posted by Matt Postiff March 12, 2014 under General 

One use of technology that we have found very helpful at Fellowship Bible Church is the conference call. When there is very bad weather, as today, we invite our people to participate in our Bible study and prayer meeting by telephone.

We set up an account with The services gives you a phone number to call and a passcode. We are able to use the free level of service. There is some cost associated with using the service because our church members must be able to call a long distance number either on their land line, or be willing to use cell phone minutes to make the call.

From caller's perspective, the service is easy to use, if perhaps a bit awkward at the first for those who have not done a conference call before. The caller dials the phone number, enters the access code followed by the # key, and then is connected to the call. When they hear the signal, we ask as a matter of etiquette that they announce their presence on the call. There is a special touch-tone command *6 that they can use to mute their side so that the rest of the callers cannot hear background noise (say, children making noise in the background). Pressing that touch-tone command again will unmute their side so they can be heard on the call if they wish to say something. If the person wants to speak, they might ask the moderator, "Pastor, this is George..." and await an acknowledgement from the moderator before "taking the floor."

From the moderator's perspective, it is also fairly easy. While people are joining the call, he can welcome each person and others will also say 'hello.' After a couple of minutes when most people have joined the call, he can begin the meeting. The moderator has "special powers" and can mute everyone on the call simultaneously with a special code (*5) if the accumulated background noise is too much.

Tonight, I plan to lead the call in prayer or ask someone to do that who I know is ready and willing to do so. Then I will start off with my Bible study by reading the passage and then saying what I want to say about it. This takes some adaptation from regular preaching since there are no visual cues such as body language. (We have not ventured into video conferencing yet.)

I then plan to ask people to share prayer requests. This part is a bit tricky because everyone might start talking at once. A good moderator will help by asking the participants in a round-robin fashion if they have prayer requests. I might start with some folks I know already who have some, for example, some of our leaders or people who are not shy. Then I will ask other people by name and go around until I have gone through everyone I know to be on the call. After this, I would ask several to lead in prayer and then conclude the meeting.

Since the prayer time is short on the call, I usually request that after the call, the people spend more time in their family units praying for all the requests that have been mentioned, or other things they wish to pray about. I might also ask them to take a moment to call someone else in the church who was not able to participate in the meeting just to greet and connect again.

Sometimes people do not announce themselves at the beginning of the call. That's OK if they want to stay somewhat to the background. Also, the service sends a log after the call to the email address registered with the account. That way, I can see a list of all phone numbers that participated.

This technology is a nice way to have a meeting if the weather constrains travel, or if a person is not able to get out due to some health issue. We do not do it often because church requires real contact with real people, but as a backup it is helpful.

Posted by Matt Postiff February 9, 2014 under General 

Guest post by Vincent Brattin, one of our church members.

Consider Well (2/3/2014 by VJB)

Does your church take a stand against moral decay
Or are they afraid of what people might say?
Does your music uplift, and teach real Christian truth
Or do you have drum sets to placate your youth?

Tell me true, is your pastor just "one of the guys"
Wears t-shirts and jeans, never jackets or ties?
And is your congregation so large over there
That only a fraction gets pastoral care?

Is the sermon you hear now so watered and thin
That you're never challenged to deal with your sin?
Are you being prepared to face worlds of wrong?
Instead, will you fall when that cult comes along?

Does your Bible translation still honor what's true?
Or rather, will your paraphrase have to do?
Do you help out the missions with treasure and prayer?
Or maybe you act like they aren't even there?

You attend Sunday morning--well, that's a good start
Or do you think "Finished! Now I've done my part."?
Do you enter your church and think "what can I do?"
Or do you think "serve" is what happens to you?

Chorus: Consider well your house of worship--
Are you where God would have you be?
And are you growing as a Christian?
Just ask the Lord to help you see.

Posted by Matt Postiff December 4, 2013 under General 
God's Gift of Tongues

Here's a nice little book about the spiritual gift of tongues. It sticks close to Scripture and its organization is easy to follow:

  1. Tongues Predicted by Christ (Mark 16)
  2. Tongues Fulfilled at Pentecost (Acts 2)
  3. Tongues Fulfilled at Caesarea (Acts 10)
  4. Tongues Fulfilled at Ephesus (Acts 19)
  5. The Gift of Tongues in the Assembly (1 Corinthians 12)
  6. The Problem of Tongues in the Assembly (1 Corinthians 13:1-3)
  7. The Duration of Tongues in the Assembly (1 Corinthians 13:8)
  8. The Value of Tongues in the Assembly (1 Corinthians 14:21-26)
  9. The Purpose of Tongues in the Assembly (1 Corinthians 14:21-26)
  10. The Regulation of Tongues in the Assembly (1 Corinthians 14:27-40)
Appendix 1: Twelve Reasons Why Biblical Tongues Were Real Languages
Appendix 2: 1 Corinthians 13:8 and Temporary Gifts

The lengthiest chapters are the 8 and 9 regarding 1 Corinthians 14. Zeller has an interesting thesis in chapter 9 that has to do with 14:21, which says:

In the law it is written: "With men of other tongues and other lips I will speak to this people; And yet, for all that, they will not hear Me," says the Lord. (1 Corinthians 14:21 NKJV)

Zeller notes a repeated pattern in the Old Testament, and in the New, that goes like this (p. 78):

  1. God has a message for the people.
  2. The people refuse to listen to God.
  3. God causes tongues to be heard as a sign of judgment.
  4. Dispersion follows.

The point is that tongues are a sign of judgment against unbelief. This view is not novel, as I have heard it preached by other dispensationalists. I have not heard about this idea in the recent debate on continuationism—but it would be interesting to hear the continuationist response. The "tongues for judgment" view is fairly convincing, as the pattern is evident from Babel through the major prophets and then into Acts 2. As such, it baffles me why some Christians are so insistent on wanting a spiritual gift that has to do with judgment and has such a low edification value (1 Cor. 14:5).

Zeller then uses this as the basis of his argument that tongues must have only lasted until the destruction of Jerusalem in AD 70 because step 4 of his paradigm (dispersion) was completed at that point and therefore tongues had served out their purpose. This is intriguing, but I am not convinced. (I understand the termination of tongues contextually from 1 Corinthians 13 and Ephesians 2:20.)

The book is by George W. Zeller, God's Gift of Tongues: The Nature, Purpose, and Duration of Tongues as Taught in the Bible, Wipf & Stock Publishers 2005, 126 pages including bibliography. This book was earlier published by Loizeaux Brothers in 1978. It is available at Amazon. A better way to get the book is to send me an email request through our contact page. I will get you in touch with Brother Zeller and he can get the book to you at a reduced price.

Posted by Matt Postiff December 2, 2013 under General 

NPR and newspapers around the country recently printed a political cartoon by Signe Wilkinson supporting gay marriage. In the cartoon, Rev. Frank Schaefer is shown reading a suspension letter. He was defrocked for officiating at his son's gay wedding and "not denouncing gay marriage." The second panel shows a sympathetic caricature of Jesus saying that he did not denounce gay marriage either.

That would be convenient, if it were true, but any honest reading of the New Testament would not be able to come to that conclusion—not if the reader takes the text at face value. Certainly Jesus did not "denounce" gay marriage using Westboro Baptist methods. He did not get on a soapbox and preach against gays or one or the other specific form of sexual sin. He didn't express hate toward sinners trapped and dying in their sin. But he did set out the positive expression of God's holiness, and that is one man joined to one woman for life:

And He answered and said to them, "Have you not read that He who made them at the beginning 'made them male and female,' and said, 'For this reason a man shall leave his father and mother and be joined to his wife, and the two shall become one flesh'? So then, they are no longer two but one flesh. Therefore what God has joined together, let not man separate." (Matthew 19:4-6 NKJV)

Jesus also set forth the principle that all sins, not just sexual ones, come from within the heart of man, that center of personality and will that is the real person.

For out of the heart proceed evil thoughts, murders, adulteries, fornications, thefts, false witness, blasphemies. (Mathew 15:19 NKJV)

Not only did Jesus himself teach these things; his followers, the apostles, were even more pointed in their letters, which form most of the New Testament. Jesus authorized and superintended the writing of the New Testament, so he is "implicated" in all of its contents. Consider:

However, when He, the Spirit of truth, has come, He will guide you into all truth; for He will not speak on His own authority, but whatever He hears He will speak; and He will tell you things to come. He will glorify Me, for He will take of what is Mine and declare it to you. (John 16:13 NKJV)

The apostles came to this important conclusion in an early church council:

As for the Gentile believers, we have written to them our decision that they should abstain from food sacrificed to idols, from blood, from the meat of strangled animals and from sexual immorality. (Acts 21:25 NIV)

Sexual immorality is any sexual activity outside of marriage, defined as one man and one woman joined together permanently.

Paul was another of Jesus' commissioned writers:

Do you not know that the unrighteous will not inherit the kingdom of God? Do not be deceived. Neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor homosexuals, nor sodomites, nor thieves, nor covetous, nor drunkards, nor revilers, nor extortioners will inherit the kingdom of God. (1 Corinthians 6:9-10 NKJV)

It is instructive to note that the sins of homosexuality, sodomy, fornication, adultery, thievery, greed, drunkenness, and others are placed on the same "level." Good Christians are not out to pick on one sin more than others. Christians want to live holy lives as a reflection of the purity of their God and Savior Jesus Christ. They proclaim an upright kind of life.

There are lots of reasons why people think of some sins as worse than others. In some cases, the earthly consequences of certain sins are heavier than the consequences of other sins. And in other cases, sins are especially distasteful to the Christian because they seem unnatural. Paul gives warrant for this thought in Romans 1:

For this reason God gave them up to vile passions. For even their women exchanged the natural use for what is against nature. Likewise also the men, leaving the natural use of the woman, burned in their lust for one another, men with men committing what is shameful, and receiving in themselves the penalty of their error which was due. (Romans 1:26 NKJV)

Paul's statement about the natural order doesn't require that we be obnoxious in our presentation of the truth. Unfortunately, supporters of gay marriage will normally perceive the Christian to be obnoxious just because of the content of what he is saying, regardless of his manner.

Back to the original question then: did Jesus denounce gay marriage? Basically, yes. He set forth the right way to do things, and commissioned certain ones to write further details on it in which he, together with them, spoke against gay marriage.

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